Taurine is another helpful supplement that aids in the prevention of hangovers, helps treat them and further helps to restore liver health by breaking down toxins and removing fat from the liver.
It is an organic acid and in large part makes up the bile that can be found the the lower intestine. Also called 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, it is a derivative of the sulfhydryl amino acid, cysteine. It was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 by German scientist Leopold Gmelin and Friedrick Tiedemann, getting its name after the Latin word Taurus for bull or ox.
According to researchers at the University of London's School of Pharmacy, this organic acid may help prevent and even reverse damage to the liver caused by alcohol use. Drinking in excess causes fat buildup in the liver, thereby swelling it and compromising its ability to break down acetaldehyde and other ethanol toxins. According to UK toxicology professor John Timbrell, "it plays a role in digestion and the nervous system, among other things, and has been used to treat heart failure and diabetes. We make it naturally but cats would be severely ill without it in their diets because they cannot manufacture it themselves." He further adds, "According to our study findings, it is possible that adding taurine to alcohol during drinking could help to minimize liver damage and ward off a hangover."
The University's findings suggest a reversal of ethanol induced hepatic steatosis and lipid peroxidation by Taurine in a study in rats.
It also plays a role similar to GABA amino acids in the brain acting as an inhibitory neurotransmitter and neuromodulator, which means it stabilizes the firing of excitatory neurotransmitters in the brain and may help alcoholic withdrawal and relapse.
The body synthesises it in the pancreas via the cysteine sulfinic acid pathway and finds itself as an active cell in the brain by crossing over the blood brain barrier. As alcohol is both fat and water soluble, it crosses the blood brain barrier through the blood and depletes levels in the brain while inhibiting synthesis in the pancreas throughout the drinking session.
It may also be helpful with certain cardiovascular dissorders as well as cancer, DNA and cell membrane health.
While it is available in energy drinks, it hasn't been proven to be an energy producer. So instead of spending crazy amounts of money on those soft drinks, get a powder version and drop in the proper dosage into a Berocca mix for quick shot of Taurine and Vitamin B Complex. Just consult your doctor, because I'm not one!
References: Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, 29–39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX and Biochemical Toxicology, Department of Pharmacy, King's College London, Manresa Road, London SW3 6LX, UK - Matsuyama Y, Morita T, Higuchi M, Tsujii T. The effect of t. administration on patients with acute hepatitis. - Ikeda H. Effects of t. on alcohol withdrawal. Lancet 1977;2:509